More than 30 types of HPV can infect the genital and anal areas. This virus is caused by skin to skin contact. The reason it is called Papilloma is because the virus produces papillomas or warts.
It is estimated that at least 50% of sexually active men and women acquire genital HPV infection at some point in their lives. A recent estimate suggests that 80% of women will have acquired genital HPV infection by age 50. An estimated 9.2 million sexually active youth between the ages of 15-24 are currently infected.
Most people with HPV do not develop symptoms or health problems from it. In 90% of cases, the body’s immune system clears HPV naturally within two years.
But sometimes, certain types of HPV can cause genital warts in males and females. Rarely, these types can also cause warts in the throat. It is believed that the virus enters the body through tiny abrasions on the skin. It might attack the cell of the skin and months later, produce a wart at the spot where it entered.
Other HPV types can cause cervical cancer. These types can also cause other, less common but serious cancers, including cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and head and neck (tongue, tonsils and throat). That’s why it’s extremely important for women to also have pap smears to check for abnormalities and cervical cancer.
While the body can fight off the virus, some people may have recurring or persistent genital warts. This may be due to a deficiency in their immune system and tests for HIV would be recommended. Symptoms
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